Oregano

 

 
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Oregano, which plays a much loved role in any number of Mediterranean and Italian dishes, tastes wonderful whether fresh or dried. It’s a low-maintenance, high-return plant that grows vigorously without much water or care. The herb pairs well with tomatoes both in the garden  and in dishes. It’s an excellent staple for spice cabinet and garden.
 

 

type of perennial: herb

VarietiEs

Greek oregano is a hardy variety most commonly used in cooking. There’s also Mediterranean oregano, a mint relative and more peppery.  Other types that are also delicious but not as hardy, include Syrian, Turkestan, and Mexican oregano.

 

 

WHERE OREGANO THRIVES

Regional compatibility

A hardy herb, most oregano can be grown anywhere in the United States. It’s considered a perennial in places where it rarely gets much colder than 10 degrees.

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Optimal shade & sun

For best flavor, plant oregano where it will receive full sun.

 


RESILIENCE

Adaptability to climate extremes

Oregano is adaptable to climate extremes, although it will fare better in drier, hotter zones. If you live in a cold and rainy area, make sure the soil contains a high percentage of sand, which keeps it well-drained.

 

drought resistance

Oregano grows vigorously and requires little water, making it very drought-resistant.

 

 

PREP YOUR SOIL

Optimal type of soil

Oregano likes soil on the sandy side, which keeps it well-drained. It prefers a pH balance between 6 and 8 and soil that’s light on fertilizer and organic matter.

 
 
 

GROW IT

 

Planting

Sow seeds indoors 4-6 weeks before your last frost. Oregano seeds are very tiny and almost dust like so they are easy to plant too deep. Seeds require light for germination and should be sprinkled on the top of your growing medium and gently pressed into the soil. It is recommended to establish plants by getting a cutting or full plant from your neighbor. Plants should be spaced 8 to 10 inches apart.

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Best time of year to plant

Plant oregano seeds indoors approximately six weeks before the last frost or outside after the danger of frost has passed. (Check local frost guides for timing.)

Companion plants

Oregano attracts flower flies, which prey on aphids, so it’s a good neighbor for any plant besieged by aphids, such as tomatoes. Oregano also deters the cabbage moth from laying its eggs on broccoli and cabbage. Other good neighbors include peppers, cucumbers, melons, and squash.


 
 

Growing

Oregano grows to be 2 to 3 feet tall with small pinkish/purple flowers.

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  WaterinG

In general, oregano is low-maintenance and does not need regular watering. Wait until the soil is dry in between thorough waterings.

 

Mulching

No mulching necessary for this hardy plant. In cooler climates laying a bed of straw over the roots once the soil is frozen will help it weather the winter. Remove the straw in the spring.

 

Fertilizing

Unless your oregano is strictly for landscaping, do not fertilize your oregano. Fertilization will cause your oregano to grow rapidly and lose its flavor.

 

Weeding

Not applicable.


CHALLENGES

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pests

Attracts both aphids and aphids’ predator, the flower fly. No major pest concerns here.

Diseases

Oregano is not disease prone, but keeping it well-spaced can help prevent potential mint rust.

Particular growing challenges

Be patient—oregano is an herb known to grow slowly at first. During its first year, trim the plant shoots two inches from the ground to encourage growth.


 

HARVEST IT

 

Harvest

Harvest your oregano when its stems are about 8 inches tall. Don’t be shy about regularly harvesting and pruning, which promotes healthy growth. An established and healthy plant can be cut to 2 inches above the soil at least 6 times per growing season! Flavor will peak just before the oregano flowers in late July to September.

 

Preserve

Hang bundles of oregano in a dark, dry place to dry it for its wonderful preserved flavor. Or, dehydrate it. (You’ll need a dehydrator.)

STORE

Fresh clippings can be kept on your kitchen counter in a cup of water for up to a week. Refrigerate oregano in plastic bags or containers with a little bit of added water for moisture for up to 2 weeks.

 


ENJOY

 
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Garlic-Oregano Pizza Dough from Healthy Recipe Ecstasy

Spinach and Oregano Pasta Sauce from Melissa K Norris

Baked Oregano Omelette from I Knead to Eat