Rosemary

 

 
rosemary-2652925_1280.jpg

Rosemary is classically fragrant and deliciously pungent. It nicely flavors olive oil, butter, meats, vegetables, and even fruit. It’s also resilient, which means it’s a common landscaping staple in drought-resistant yards. Another plus: if you grow beans, rosemary can help protect against bean pests.

 

 

type of perennial: herb

VArieties

Tuscan Blue, Blue Spires, Boule, Salem. It’s helpful to pick rosemary that’s regionally compatible.

 

 

WHERE ROSEMARY THRIVES

Regional compatibility

Rosemary can’t grow in cold temperatures quite as handily as many other herbs. If you live in cold northern climates, rosemary may be an indoor or annual plant for you. However, rosemary grows well in all climates on the hot and dry end of the regional spectrum.

Screen Shot 2017-10-06 at 12.21.14 PM.png

Optimal shade & sun

Full, direct sunlight is preferable for growing rosemary, which should ideally get about 6 to 8 hours of sun a day.


RESILIENCE

Adaptability to climate extremes

Rosemary is not necessarily a hardy herb. In cold climates, for instance, it can only be grown as an annual. On the other hand, rosemary nicely tolerates hot and dry extremes.

 

drought resistance

Rosemary is very drought resistant, particularly when the plant has been in the ground for 1 to 2 years.

 

 

PREP YOUR SOIL

Optimal type of soil

Rosemary thrives in a sandy loam soil,  that is, soil that generally contains moderate to high levels of sand, small amounts of silt and small to moderate amounts of organic loam. It also drains well. Soil that is too rich or waterlogged will inhibit rosemary’s growth. If you don’t have, or don’t want to cultivate, sandy loam soil, water minimally. Rosemary likes dry soil.

 
 
 

GROW IT

Planting

Rosemary is a slow grower in its first year, so starting from seed is not a great bet unless you’re ready to be very patient. Instead, begin with 3-inch cuttings indoors about 6 to 8 weeks before the spring’s last frost or buy plants from a garden supply store. Transfer the plants outside when it warms up. It typically takes about 8 weeks of growth to be ready.


Best time of year to plant

If you live in a warm, temperate climate you can plant rosemary virtually any time of year. If it gets very cold in the winter, start your plants indoors 6 to 8 weeks before the last frost.

Companion PLants

Thyme, sage, cabbage, carrots, and beans all make great companions. Rosemary is a deterrent for many bean parasites so if you have beans consider planting some neighboring rosemary.


 
 

Growing

Rosemary produces flowers of varying colors in the spring. Rosemary grows slowly in its first year but speeds up during its second year. It can grow to be 2-5 feet tall.

 
Screen Shot 2017-10-06 at 12.32.23 PM.png

  WaterinG

Rosemary grows best in soil that’s not moist. In fact, once rosemary is established you only need to water it in times of drought. Since rosemary is prone to root rot it’s easy to overwater. On the other hand, if it’s grown in a pot it’ll need to be watered regularly.

 

Mulching

Mulch can keep the roots insulated in the winter and moist in the summers.

 

Fertilizing

A bit of fertilizer each spring can boost rosemary growth.

 

Weeding

Weeds can create problems for new plantings. Keep your rosemary weed-free to increase air flow and prevent fungal diseases.


CHALLENGES

Screen Shot 2017-10-06 at 12.49.14 PM.png

pests

Mealybugs, spider mites, and whiteflies can plague rosemary plants.

Diseases

Powdery mildew is rosemary’s most likely assailant and in humid climates root rot can also become a problem. Keep your rosemary well-harvested, well spaced, drained, and well-circulated to prevent such issues. Most importantly, don’t over-water.

Particular growing challenges

One barrier to growing rosemary for the first time is its slow growth. Hang in there - once it has taken root it’s pretty sturdy.


 

HARVEST IT

 

Harvest

Clip off rosemary stems with sharp sheers whenever you need to. To avoid stressing it, it’s best to harvest rosemary in the morning or evening when temperatures are cooler.

STORE

Refrigerate in a sealed plastic container or plastic bag, or hang bundles in a warm and dry spot.

Preserve

Rosemary’s tiny leaves dry quickly and can be stored and used as a dry seasoning or rub.


ENJOY

 
Screen Shot 2017-10-06 at 1.58.36 PM.png